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What are the EMC electromagnetic compatibility test items and standards?

Edit: GCDC  Affiliation: Technical Information  Views: 263  Release time: 2022-12-19

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC, Electromagnetic Compatibility) refers to the ability of a device or system to operate in compliance with the requirements in its electromagnetic environment and not generate unbearable electromagnetic disturbance to any equipment in its environment. Therefore, EMC includes two requirements: on the one hand, it means that the electromagnetic disturbance (Electromagnetic Disturbance) generated by the equipment during normal operation cannot exceed a certain limit; Electromagnetic disturbance has a certain degree of immunity, that is, Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMS).


1. What is EMC electromagnetic compatibility?
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC, Electromagnetic Compatibility) refers to the ability of a device or system to operate in compliance with the requirements in its electromagnetic environment and not generate unbearable electromagnetic disturbance to any equipment in its environment. Therefore, EMC includes two requirements: on the one hand, it means that the electromagnetic disturbance (Electromagnetic Disturbance) generated by the equipment during normal operation cannot exceed a certain limit; Electromagnetic disturbance has a certain degree of immunity, that is, Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMS).

2. EMC terms:
(1) Equipment (equipment) refers to any electrical, electronic or electromechanical device that works as an independent unit and performs a single function.
(2) System (system) refers to "a number of equipment, subsystems, full-time personnel and technical combinations that can perform or guarantee work tasks".
(3) Electromagnetic environment (electromagnetic environment) The sum of all electromagnetic phenomena existing in a given place.
"Given place" is "space", and "all electromagnetic phenomena" include all "time" and all "spectrum".
EMC: (Electromagnetic compatibility) electromagnetic compatibility
EMI: (Electromagnetic interference) electromagnetic interference
EMS: (Electromagnetic Susceptibility) electromagnetic susceptibility
RE: (Radiated emission) radiation disturbance (commonly known as: electromagnetic radiation, radiation emission)
CE: (Conducted emission) conducted disturbance (commonly known as: conducted emission)
CS: (Conducted Susceptibility) conducted disturbance immunity
RS: (Radiated Susceptibility) radio frequency electromagnetic field radiation immunity
ESD: (Electrostatic discharge) electrostatic discharge
EFT/Burst: (Electrical fast transient burst) electrical fast transient burst
RFI: (Radio Frequency Interfernce) radio frequency interference
ISM: (Industrial Scientific Medical) industrial, scientific, medical radio frequency equipment

3. Electromagnetic compatibility EMC test items:
CISPR14/EN 55014-1 Electromagnetic wave interference detection of household appliances
Electromagnetic wave interference detection of CISPR15/EN 55015 lighting products
Electromagnetic anti-interference testing of CISPR20/EN 55020 radio and television products
CISPR22/EN 55022/VCCI V-3/FCC 47 CFR Part 15B Electromagnetic interference detection of information technology products
CISPR24/EN 55024 Electromagnetic anti-interference testing of information technology products
  CISPR 11/EN 55011 Electromagnetic Interference Testing for Industrial, Yliao and Scientific Products
CISPR13/EN 55013 Electromagnetic wave interference detection of radio and television products
Electromagnetic anti-interference testing of EN55014-2 home appliances
Electromagnetic anti-interference testing of EN61547 lighting products
EN61000-6-1 Electromagnetic anti-interference testing in residential, commercial and light industrial environments
Electromagnetic anti-interference detection in EN61000-6-2 industrial environment
EN61000-6-3 Electromagnetic wave interference detection in residential, commercial and light industrial environments
EN61000-6-4 Electromagnetic wave interference detection in industrial environment
EMC requirements of EN50091-2 uninterruptible power supply
EN 60555-2/EN 61000-3-2 power harmonic detection
EN 60555-3/EN 61000-3-3 voltage flicker detection
IEC/EN 61000-4-2 electrostatic discharge anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-3 RF electromagnetic wave anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-4 electrical fast burst anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-5 lightning strike anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-6 conducted anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-8 power frequency magnetic field anti-interference test
IEC/EN 61000-4-11 voltage drop anti-interference detection
IEC/EN 61000-4-12 Oscillating waves and surges
IEC/EN 61000-4-13 harmonic and interharmonic interference immunity


4. Electromagnetic compatibility application fields:
1) IT information technology field;
2) Modern medical equipment, electronic and electrical fields related to medical equipment;
3) Automotive electronics, the application of automotive electronics technology is related to the electromagnetic environment of the vehicle, mainly caused by the electromagnetic environment in which the vehicle is located, and the ability of the vehicle itself to resist electromagnetic disturbance is also crucial.
4) Safety requirements for mechanical equipment and electrical equipment systems, EMC electromagnetic compatibility;
5) Due to the development of electronics, electricity, wireless communication, radar detection and other technologies and the increasing application in the aerospace field, the related issues of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) have also received increasing attention. Compatible disciplines thus developed.
6) Specific safety requirements for electromagnetic compatibility EMI of lighting products;
7) For household electrical appliances, due to the continuous deterioration of the electromagnetic environment, more and more attention has been paid to the electromagnetic compatibility issue, and the electromagnetic compatibility standards of household appliances are also constantly updated according to actual needs. European Standard EN 55014-1:2006/+A1:2009.


5. EMC test standard:
  FCC PART 15/FCC PART 18 US radio electromagnetic compatibility test requirements
>GB 4343.1 /EN55014/CISPR 14-1 Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirements for Household Appliances, Electric Tools and Similar Appliances
GB 9254/EN 55022/CISPR 22 Limits and Measurement Methods of Radio Disturbance of Information Technology Equipment
GB 4824/EN 55011/CISPR 11 Electromagnetic Disturbance Characteristics of Industrial, Scientific and Medical Radio Frequency Equipment Limits and Measurement Methods
GB/T 17626.2/EN61000-4-2 ESD (Electrostatic discharge)/Electrostatic immunity test
GB/T 17626.3/EN61000-4-3 RS (Radiated Susceptibility)/Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation Immunity Test
GB/T 17626.4/EN61000-4-4 EFT/Burst(Electricalfasttransient)/Electrical Fast Transient Burst Immunity Test
GB/T 17626.5/EN61000-4-5 Surge/(shock) surge immunity test
GB/T 17626.6/EN61000-4-6 CS(ConductedSusceptibility)/conducted disturbance immunity test induced by radio frequency field
GB/T 17626.8/EN61000-4-8 PFMF (Powerfrequencymagneticfield)/power frequency magnetic field immunity test
GB/T 17626.11/EN61000-4-11 PQF(Voltagedips,interruptionandvariation)/voltage transient immunity test
GBT 18029.21-2012 Wheelchairs Part 21 Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirements and Test Methods for Electric Wheelchairs, Electric Scooters and Battery Chargers
GBT 24338.5-2009 Rail Transit Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 4: Emission and Immunity of Signal and Communication Equipment
>YY 0505-2012 Medical Electrical Equipment Part 1-2 Collateral Standard for General Safety Requirements Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirements and Tests


GCDC has two electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) laboratories, which operate efficiently 7*24 hours a day. Senior engineers in the industry provide one-on-one guidance and service. Welcome new and old customers to call to make an appointment for testing: 4007558988.

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